Terrestrial gastropod molluscs of the subclass of the pulmonary snails. It is widely distributed in countries with tropical climate, a highly invasive species, is a pest of agricultural plants, especially sugar cane. At present further expansion of the area of Achatina stopped due to strict measures to maintain the quarantine. Was prevented by the outbreak of the invasion of snails in the United States. In Europe, including in Russia, where the survival of Achatina in nature is impossible, they are often kept as Pets.
The content of the snail Achatina (Terrarium)
Terrarium for Achatina can be done from a simple aquarium. The minimum size is 10 gallons per snail. The greater the aquarium, the bigger will grow your snail. The terrarium should be cover, because the snails can crawl out of it. It is desirable to arrange the small holes in the lid for better gas exchange. In a pinch, you can just lift the lid to form a small gap. At the bottom of the aquarium to put the litter. Litter can serve as soil “Begonia”, or ideally coconut substrate of 5-7 cm of the mound. You can build a small tub with fresh water, Achatina love to swim. Importantly, the depth of the trays did not allow the snail to choke. In General, Achatina well crawl under water, but accidentally falling into the tub on top,the little snail can drown from fright. You also need to make sure that the tray does not turn, if the snail starts to dig in the ground next to it, otherwise the water will melt, which is not good.
The temperature and humidity required by Achatina, roughly coincide with those in the usual city apartment. The soil moisture content is determined empirically. If snails all the time sitting on the walls of the terrarium, then water too much. If they prefer to clog (the clue is hiding in the sink and closes the lid), conversely, too dry. Under normal soil moisture snails at night crawling on its surface, and in the afternoon often bury themselves in it. To maintain the humidity enough to sprinkle the ground and the walls of the terrarium with a spray bottle twice a day.
To Wake up a snail clogged, you can pour her mouth with water and carefully remove the lid or just put it in a terrarium with normal humidity. Wash the terrarium is recommended at least once a week. The exception is the terrarium with the laying of eggs, which need to be cleaned without water, not to change the humidity and not to damage the masonry.
Little Ulfat better to keep without soil, postila them cabbage or lettuce leaves, thus increasing the chance of finding the snail of food and to help care for a terrarium.
Feeding snail Achatina
To feed better as eating and drying food and remove the remains. Achatina eat vegetables, fruits and herbs, but in nature, do not refuse from meat. Normally in captivity they are fed cabbage, carrots and cucumbers, but it is preferable to give a variety of foods. Need is primarily to ensure that at any time you can switch to another available type of food. It is known that snails have certain preferences for food, including many people prefer cucumbers and other salad products and, if their childhood to feed only cucumber, often refuse to eat something besides them that can cause some discomfort. Large snails can be given whole the public, but surprisingly quickly processed food waste. Soft products need to give for a while, otherwise they flow and spread along the ground, causing contamination. Little wittam is generally not recommended to give soft foods. There was a case when olidata entirely buried in the banana and suffocated there. Little newborn baby snails is better to give greens, mashed grated carrot, a few days later, a salad and an Apple.
Fruit: Apple, apricots, pineapple, avocado, banana, pear, strawberry, strawberry, cherry, mango, papaya, plums, grapes, figs, watermelon, melon.
Vegetables: pumpkin, rutabaga, zucchini, broccoli, mushrooms, lettuce, cucumber, potatoes (boiled), carrots of grades of “carrots”, red, red pepper, celery, spinach, tomatoes, cabbage leaves.
Beans, peas (cooked or fresh), cereal.
Other: fungi, plants, meadows / trees, nettles, daisies flowers, elder flowers, clover, dandelion, plantain, yarrow, sprouted oats, alfalfa, color of fruit trees (Apple, apricot, peach. ), bread (softened), milk (dry or natural), milk/milk products (without sugar, salt, spices), minced meat (minced meat, meat raw or boiled), egg (boiled), animal feed, meat and bone meal, peanut (crushed), baby food and vegetable meat, gammarus.
It is important that the plants were not disrupted in the city, factories or enterprises, wastewater, landfills. After you bring home a thorough rinse with warm water!
It is impossible (very important!):
Spicy, salty, sour, sweet, smoked, fried, pasta, potato eyes.
The effect of calcium on shellfish
For building shell snails need calcium. Calcium is a very common chemical element.
The lack of food snail of calcium leads to the distortion and deformation of the shell. A snail shell from lack of calcium becomes softer, it is not protected from the environment. Since all the internal organs attached to the walls of the shell, any damage it may cause a malfunction of organs or death. Clam, not receiving from food calcium, as a rule, lags behind in development: disturbed shell growth or even stops, fails in puberty.
In order to prove how important calcium to the snails, I have done the experiment.
Were taken two groups of snails of the same age and type and placed in the same conditions, but feeding was carried out in different ways: some — food with added calcium, the other with its absence.
Soon the snails of the second group stopped growing. This implies that calcium is indispensable for shellfish.
Snails kept in captivity, get calcium from cuttlefish, egg shells, feed chalk, limestone, gammarus, etc. For more effective results are made of calacali. Kalakala is a nourishing mixture made on the basis of different cereals with the addition of various sources of calcium; this product is supplied in dry form and boiled.
Breeding snail Achatina (Reproduction of Achatina)
Achatina of snails are hermaphrodites, meaning each individual has both male and female sexual organs. In the absence of a partner may self-replication, but it is quite rare.
The snail can store sperm for two years after mating, using it to fertilize the maturing eggs. The number of eggs in a clutch of about 200 (in some cases up to 500), the snail can do 5-6 batches per year. The size of one egg is 4.5-5.5 mm, the shape of it resembles a chicken. Development of eggs is possible at a temperature of 22°C and lasts from a few hours to 17 days.